Custom feedback presents the feedback in a range of different forms. Microsoft Excel tables

and charts as well as pdf documents are available to download.

Four main types of feedback are available:

• Scores tables

• Difference tables

• Scores charts

• Longitude charts

The feedback can be displayed for:-

• Individual pupils

• Class

• Year Group

• School

Depending upon the option selected, the feedback will then display feedback for either a single

subject for all pupils in a class, year group or the whole school or all subjects for a single pupil.

Subject choices are as follows:-

• Achievement (Reading and General Maths)

• Reading Modules (Word Recognition, Word Decoding, Comprehension, Spelling)

• General Maths Modules (Number 1, Number 2, Measures, Shape and Space, Data)

• Mental Arithmetic

• Mental Arithmetic Modules (Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division)

• Developed Ability

• Developed Ability Modules (Picture Vocabulary, Non Verbal)

• Attitudes (Reading, Maths, School)

### Scores Tables

These can be obtained at Pupil, Class, Year Group and School Levels.

At the Class, Year Group and School level, these tables are the same as the ones given for Standard

Feedback.

At pupil level the table reports all the assessment modules completed by the pupil. The table shows

the date the pupil sat each component of the assessments, the pupil’s age at test, their age equivalent

score for each assessment and subsection and the age difference between their age at test and their

score. Differences are not produced for attitudes.

Some pupils’ age equivalent scores fall below the minimum or above the maximum score achievable.

In these instances, the difference between the chronological age and age equivalent score is denoted

by < - (less than) if the age equivalent score is below the minimum or > (greater than) if above the

maximum.

Example pupil level scores table:

### Difference Tables

The difference tables show the differences between the pupil’s age at test and their age equivalent

score.

Tables are displayed by subject for a whole year group or class. Difference tables are not produced

for attitudes.

The information in these tables can be sorted by first name, last name or scores by clicking on the

blue box next to “Order by” at the top of the table and then clicking on the grey arrow to reveal a dropdown menu of options.

Some pupils’ age equivalent scores fall below the minimum or above the maximum score achievable.

In these instances, the difference between the chronological age and age equivalent score is denoted

by < (less than) if the age equivalent score is below the minimum or > (greater than) if above the

maximum.

Example difference table feedback:

### Scores Charts

The Scores Charts let you see the full profile of a child in a graphical format. They are presented in a

Microsoft Excel file. This type of feedback has two types of charts:

• Cognitive profile charts (Reading, General Maths, Developed Ability, Spelling, Mental Arithmetic)

• Attitudes charts

### Cognitive profile charts

Cognitive profile charts show the age equivalent score for each module that the pupil has completed.

The **blue squares** show the age equivalent scores and the lines above and below are the confidence

intervals.

The **confidence intervals** (vertical blue lines) give an indication of the range in which a child might

score on a different day. These show the range of 1 standard error, within which we are 68% confident

the child’s true score lies. On a different day, a pupil might have had a slightly different pattern of

responses and therefore achieved a slightly higher or lower score. The length of the confidence

intervals are determined by the consistency of the pupil’s answers and the number of questions they

have answered. A pupil who has been guessing at answers to questions will show longer confidence

intervals than a pupil who has consistently answered questions, where the intervals will be small. If

there is clear space between the end of the confidence intervals and the item being compared (e.g.

pupil age at test or another score) then the difference can be considered to be statistically significant.

The **green line** is the pupil’s actual age at the time of the assessment. If the confidence interval

overlaps the green line, the age equivalent score is not significantly different to the pupil’s

chronological age.

A **red line** on the chart displays the minimum or maximum score achievable for that assessment.

For Maths the minimum score is 3 years 0 months and for Reading it is 4 years 0 months. For all

assessments the maximum score is 16 years 0 months.

### Attitudes Charts

The attitudes charts show the scores for Reading, Maths and School. These are on a scale from

negative to positive.

The red squares represent the attitude score and the lines above and below are the confidence

intervals.

### Longitude charts

Longitude Charts show the progress that a child makes over a period of time. They start to become

increasingly valuable as pupils are assessed year on year.

Longitude Charts are available for:

• Reading

• General Mathematics

• Mental Arithmetic

• Developed Ability

The **horizontal axis** shows the age of the pupil at the time they sat their InCAS assessments.

The **vertical axis** shows the age equivalent score. The scale on both axes automatically adjust to show

the full range of the pupil’s age equivalent scores. It is therefore sometimes shown as half years and

sometimes as whole years.

The **black diamonds** show the pupil’s age equivalent score plotted on the graph against their age

when they sat the assessment.

The **green line** is indicative of the national average. Because the scores are age equivalent scores, it

is therefore the case that pupils aged 8 years would be expected to have an age equivalent score of 8

years and pupils aged 9 years would be expected to have an age equivalent score of 9 years, etc.

The **bars above and below the diamonds** represent the confidence intervals and give an indication

of the range in which a child might score on a different day (see ‘Scores Charts’ for further explanation

of the confidence interval).

A **red line** on the chart displays the minimum or maximum score achievable for that assessment.

For **Maths** the minimum score is 3 years 0 months and for Reading it is 4 years 0 months. For all

assessments the maximum score is 16 years 0 months.

Occasionally, a pupil’s score on a previous assessment will be higher than his/her latest score. This

is usually within the confidence intervals, and so the two scores are not significantly different. Very

rarely, this difference will be a significant one and this would tend to apply to children with special

educational needs. It may be that the pupil was lucky in the first assessment, selecting correct

multiple choice answers by chance and the later assessment is a more accurate reflection of their

achievement or ability.

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